Bina Das Bhaumik (1911): An arts graduate, Bina was connected with Calcutta Chhatri Sangha, a quasi revolutionary organization for young girls. Was sentenced to nine years imprisonment for hher abortive attempt on the life of the Governor of Bengal, Stanley Jackson, in 1932 at the annual convocation meeting of Calcutta University. Following her release in 1938, Bina joined the Congress party and was elected the secretary of South Calcutta Congress Committee. Later Bina became a member of West Bangla Rajyo Sobha. Bina married Jyotish Chandra Bhaumik, her comrade at arms and a college teacher.
Binoy Krishna Basu: Son of an engineer, of middle class origin, Binoy hails from Dhaka. An active member of the Bengal Volunteers revolutionary group, Arun took an initiative, in 1930, to gun down two of the most notorious British police officials: FJ Lowan, the Inspector General of Bengal police Eric Hodson, the Dhaka Police Super. The top cops however survived the attack seriously injured though. Arun was one of the first revolutionaries to show the guts by attacking two police high officials in broad day light in the Mitford (Salimullah Medical College) hospital premises. Later Arun killed the IG of Bengal Prisons in the Writer’s Building, Bengal Secretariat in Kolkata.
Bipin Behari Ganguli (1887-1954): A prominent member of Calcutta Anushilan Samiti. Born in Hoogli, West Bangla, in 1887, Bipin was a leader of the Jugantar group of revolutionaries. Joined the Congress party during the Non-cooperation movement and became the secretary of Bengal Congress in 1923. Held a ministerial post in West Bangla government in the 1950s.
Bhupendra Kumar Datta (born 1894,): Born in Jessore, Bhupendra started as an Anushilanite but later joined the Jugantar. Incarcerated several times for revolutionary activities. Elected to the then East Pakistan Legislature in 1947. Retired from politics in 1962 and migrated to India leaving his beloved motherland for whom he gave the best years of his youth.
Chitta Priya Roy Chaudhuri: Jatin's partner and like Jatin died in the fight against the police.
Dinesh Gupta (1911-31): A rebel from Medinipur district and a member of the local cell of Bengal Volunteers. Dinesh was later executed for his part in the Writer’s Building raid in which IG of Bengal Prison was eliminated.
Dinesh Chandra Majumdar (1907-34): A graduate member of the Jugantar party. Executed in 1934 on charges of murderous attempts on the Calcutta Police Commissioner, Charles Tegart and his top boys.
Ganesh Ghosh (1900 b): Son of a railway employee from Chittagong, Ganesh was a staunch activist of Chittagong Jugantar party. For his part in the armory raid, Ganesh was transported to the Andaman’s. Later he became a Marxist and joined the Communist party. After the split in Indian Communist Party, Ganesh sided with the CPI. Elected several times to West Bangla Rajyo Sobha, as well as to Indian Lok Sobha from the Communist party.
Jadu Gopal Mukherjee (1866): Son of a lawyer from Medinipur district, Jadu was a doctor by profession. Prominent member of Kolkata Jugantar party, he was imprisoned a few times. Joined the Congress during the Non-cooperation movement but left the party in 1947 over the question of partition of India which Jadu opposed.
Jatindra Nath Das (1904-29): A top Anushilanite revolutionary, Jatindra was the secretary of South Kolkata Congress committee and the member of the Bengal Congress committee. A committed organizer, Jatindra was also connected with the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Jatindra died in Lahore jail after a long 63 day hunger strike in protest against the maltreatment of the prisoners by the British authority.
Jiban Lal Chattopadhyay (1889-1970): A notable Jugantarite, Jiban hails from Faridpur, East Bangla. Suffered long imprisonment from 1916 to 1920, from 1923 to ’27, and again from 1930 to ’38. Jiban was elected the secretary of Bengal Congress in 1930. Later Jiban joined MN Roy’s party in 1938 and in 1943 he formed the Democratic Vanguard Party which was later known as the Workers’ Party of India.
Jogesh Chandra Chattopadhyay (1898-969): A leading Anushilanite and a later member of the Hindustan Republican Army. Jogesh served several terms of incarceration between 1916 and 1926 before receiving 10 years imprisonment in Kakori Conspiracy Case in 1926. Joined the Congress Socialist Party in 1937. In 1940 Jogesh formed his own party- Revolutionary Socialist Party. However, he later returned to the Congress in 1955 and became a member of West Bangla Rajyo Sobha.
Jyotish Chandra Ghose (1887-1970): An MA in English and History, Jyotish taught at Hoogli and Ripon College for some time. Led a Jugantar cell in Kolkata in the 1920s. Later joined the Congress and was elected to the Bengal Legislature in 1937 and to West Bangla Rajyo Sobha after independence.
Kalpana Datta Joshi (1913 b): Born in Chittagong, Kalpana became an active member of Chittagong Jugantar party after the famous armory raid led by Master Da. Arrested along with Master Da and Tarekeshwar Dastidar from their hiding place after a fierce battle with a police/military squad, Kalpana was transported to the Andaman’s. After her release from the penal colony, Kalpana joined the communist party and married PC Joshi a prominent communist leader.
Kanai Lal Datta: Kananilal killed Naren Goswami, a traitor who sided with the British rulers in Maniktola Conspiracy case against his fellow revolutionaries, on 31 August 1908 inside the Alipore jail. Kanailal was hanged on 10 November 1908.
Leelabati Nag Roy (1909-70): Daughter of a deputy magistrate, Leelabati was an active member of the Shree Sangha which she joined in 1925. Leela led the Deepali Sangha, a revolutionary organization of women with its headquarters in Dhaka and a branch in Calcutta where it was known as Chhatri Sangha. Leela later married Anil Baran Roy, the leader of Shree Sagha and eventually both of them joined the Forward Bloc.
Manoranjan Gupta (1890 b): Born in Barisal, East Bangla, Manoranjan led the local Jugantar unit and held an important position in the organization. Imprisoned from 1923 to 1927 and again from 1930 to 1946. Elected to the East Pakistan legislature in 1954. Like many of his fellow revolutionaries from East Bangla (who were, tragic though, later suppressed or killed by the Paki dictators) Manoranjan later migrated to India and became a member of West Bangla Rajyo Sobha.
Narendra Mohan Sen (1887-1963): A top Anushilanite from Dhaka, East Bangla, Narendra later turned a sanyasi (ascetic) under the influence of Ramkrishna.
Niranjan Sen Gupta: Leader of the Barisal branch of Dhaka Anushilan Samiti, Niranjan also led the New Violence Party which comprised a bunch of tough Barisal boys. Later he became a Marxist and joined the Indian Communist Party. After the split in the Indian Communist Party, Niranjan remained with the CPI-M. He also led the coalition ministry of West Bangla in 1967-71.
Pratul Chandra Ganguli (1984-57): Son of a lawyer from Naryanganj, East Bangla, Pratul was a leading Anushilanite. Sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in the Barisal Conspiracy Case in 1914. Joined the Congress in 1922 while still keeping the revolutionary profile. A talented organizer, Pratul was the president of Dhaka District Congress Committee, Bengal Congress Committee and All India Congress Committee. Elected to Bengal legislature in 1929 and in 1937. Pratul retired from politics in 1947.
Preeti Lata Wadeddar (1911-32): Dhalghat, Patia Thana, Chittagong. Daughter of a municipal clerk, Preetilata hails from Chittagong. As a student of Eden Girls’ College, Preetilata joined the Deepali Sangha, a Dhaka based women’s revolutionary organization. Graduated from Bethune College and joined the Chhatri Sangha. Back to her hometown Chittagong, Preetilata joined the Chittagong Jugantar when she was the head teacher of Nandan Kanon Arpana Charan Middle English School. A member of Master Da’s team in the armory raid and also led the raid on European club at Pahartali from the underground and took cyanide at the end of an uneven battle against the combined military and police forces deployed by the British rulers to escape captivity.
Promode Das Gupta (1910-85): An Anushilanite from Bakerganj, East Bangla. Like many of his fellow revolutionaries Promode suffered imprisonment by the British rulers. On release from detention in 1942 after Russia’s joining WWII on the Allied side, Promode worked with the British and American intelligence against the fifth columnists. Became the head of West Bangla Communist Party in 1951 and held the position until the split of CPI in 1965.
Purna Chandra Das (1889-1956): Prominent Jugantarite, Purna hails from Faridpur, East Bangla. He was the leader of Madaripur party known as Purna Das’s Party. Imprisoned several yeares for revolutionary activities. Joined the Forward Bloc in 1939.
Rabindra Mohan Sen (1892-1971): A leading Anushilanite, Rabindra hails from Jamalpur, East Bangla. Suffered imprisonment for a few times. Joined the Forward Bloc in 1939 and later formed the Socialist Party of India.
Sachindra Nath Sanyal (1892-1971): Born in Nadia, Sachin settled in Banaras where a branch of the Anushilan party. Joined the Hindustan Republican Association in 1923 and became a top leader of the organization. Sentenced twice to transportation for life-first in the Banaras Conspiracy Case in 1916 and then in the Kakori Conspiracy Case in 1927. Later Joined the Forward Bloc.
Santosh Kumar Mitra (1901-1931): Jugantar activist. Shot at the Hijli detention camp in 1932 by the camp guards.
Satish Chandra Pakrashi (1893-1931): Joined the Dhaka Anushilan party of which his grand father, Ananda Chakrobarty, a prominent lawyer, was a patron. Imprisoned like his comrades for several years. Later Satish became a Marxist and joined the CPI-M.
Santi Ghose Das (1916 b): Daughter of a Comilla college teacher, Santi was a member of the Jugantar party. Sentenced to life imprisonment for killing the district magistrate, CGB Stevens. Santi later joined the Congress on her release from the prison.
Sudhir Gupta (alias Badal) (1912-30): A rebel from Dhaka. Sudhir was a member of the Bengal Volunteers and committed suicide during a raid on the Writer’s Building.
Suniti Chaudhuri Ghosh (1917 b): A member of the Comilla Jugantar party. She was sentenced to life imprisonment for killing the Tripura district magistrate, CGB Stevens. After her release from the prison, Suniti became an MBBS doctor and married one of her former comrades-Prodyot Kumar Ghose, then a trade union leader of West Bangla.
Surendra Mohan (Madhu) Ghosh (1893 b): A prominent leader of Dhaka Anushilan party, Surendra also led the Mymensingh revolutionary group and later joined the Jugantar party with his group. Joining the Congress during the Non-cooperaion movement, Surendra became the president of Mymensingh District Congress in 1928 and that of Bengal Congress in 1938. Elected to the Indian Constituent Assembly in 1946 and to the Lok Sobha in 1962 to become the deputy leader of Bengal Congress parliamentary party.
Troilokya Nath Chakrobarty (1889-1970): A leading member of Anushilan party, Troilokya hails from Bajitpur, Mymensingh. He was transported to the Andaman’s in 1914 from where he was freed in 1920. Later Troilokya was detained in Burma jail and interned in Noakhali. He was again incarcerated from 1931-38 and then again from 1942-46. Was elected to the then East Pakistan legislature on the United Progressive party ticket but suffered much privation during Auyb Khan regime remaining in self-exile at his village home. The Islamist government’s policy eventually led him to leave his motherland whom he gave his all life in prisons to free.
Upendra Nath Bandopadhyay (1879-1950): Leader of Jugantar, Upendra hails from Chandan Nagar. Transported to the Andaman’s for Alipore bomb case in 1909. After his release from the penal colony, Upendra joined the Congress party. He was the editor of Bijali, Narayan and Atma Shakti. Later he joined the Hindu Mahasabha.
Satyendra Nath Basu: Kanai's comrade-at-arms in executing Naren Goswami. Satyen was hanged on 21 November 1908. Afraid of massive public procession, the British authority forced Satyen's parents to cremate his dead body inside the Alipore jail.
Jatin Mukherjee: Died in the fight against the police in Orissa where they were planning to construct an arms factory to fight the British out of India.
Binod Bihari Chaudhury: R
evolutionary Binod Bihari Chaudhury was born on 10 January 1911 in the Uttar Bhurshi village under Boalkhali Upazila in Chittagong district. His father's name was Kamini Kumar Chaudhury and mother Bama Chaudhury.
finished his SSC in 1929 and awarded Raybahadur scholarship in the exam. He joined the local Revolutionary group Jugantar in 1927 as a student of PC Sen Saroatali High School. he finished his HSC in 1934 as a detainee of the British ruler in the Deuli detention Camp. From the same detention centre Binod sat for BA exam and passed with distinction. In 1939 He obtained his MA in English and later Bachelor's of Law as a political prisoner from the detention centre.
On 30 April, 1930 Binod
Chaudhury participated in the raid of Chittagong armory as a member of Surya Sen's Indian Republican Army (IRA). In the war the IRA defeated the British forces and Chittagong was independent for 3 days. Later the revolutionaries were defeated in the war waged by the reinforced British soldiers and the police forces. The war is known as Jalalabad War. Many revolutionaries gave their lives in the war. Binod
Chaudhury was shot in the neck. His comrades rescued him and kept him in the hideouts where he was treated secretly. Binod
Chaudhury lived in the underground until 1933. The British rulers declared a reward of 500 taka for Binod's head. In an interview Binod
Chaudhurytold the reporters that Surya Sen was the head of the President in Council of the Chittagong Chapter of IRA.
Binod Chaudhury married Bibha Das, daughter of Kiran Das, in 1940. Bibha was known as Bela
Chaudhury. She was a teacher.
Under the British and Pakistani rules
Binod Chaudhury was imprisoned for seven long years. In 1939
Binod Chaudhury joined the Congress and was elected he Joint Secretary of Chittago0ng District committee. From 1940-46
Binod Chaudhury was the executive member of provincial committee of Congress. In 1946 he was elected the general secretary of the Chittagong District committee of the Congress.
In East Pakistan
Binod Chaudhury was elected the MLA in the Provincial Assembly.
A great admirer of Master Da Surya Sen,
Binod Chaudhury donated a big amount of money to the Masterda Surya Sen Mausoleum.
At the time of writing this profile
revolutionary Binod Chaudhury is living in his small cottage at 120 Momin Road, Chittagong.